In the 2040s and 50s, Colin Blakeney performed early experiments with transporter technology and had succeeded in transporting a live chicken and a chimpanzee. These experiments met with public outcry based on ignorance of the physics (and speculations of the metaphysics) of the process. (The outcry was fostered by Earth's Global Transportation Consortium, which had controlled all air, sea and ground travel technology since 2012.)
Initially, the process required both sending and receiving stations. One of Blakeney's last developments was developing transporter tech that did not require a receiving station. He mysteriously disappeared in 2052 and no substantive developments were made in the field for at least fifty years. (TNG comic: Forgiveness)
Transporter theory and technology were not totally lost with Blakeney's disappearance, however. Descendants of the Terra 10 generation-ship expedition of 2070, when rediscovered in the 23rd century, possessed the technology. (TAS: "The Terratin Incident")
Emory Erickson is often credited with being the "Father of the Transporter". Prior to the rediscovery of the Terra 10 expedition, and the knowledge of Blakeney's final fate, he was thought to be not only the inventor of the device, but the first human being to put himself through it. A popular biography of Erickson was published, c. 2130. (ENT: "Daedalus")
Early in the 23rd century, Janet Hester and a team of scientists at the Deneva did further research on transporter technology. Improvements were tested using the Baton Rouge-class starships Moscow and Tehran. (Star Trek Spaceflight Chronology)
It is not known if the Klingons developed the technology independently or stole it from other civilizations. What is known that they were less concerned with safety features, such as superheterodyning the transporter signal. This additional characteristic of the wave alleviated potential interference but had audio noise as a side effect. From a tactical standpoint, such noise was unacceptable to the Klingons. (TOS novel: The Final Reflection)
Transporters and the general publicEdit
- The existence of such a system didn't seem to preclude the use of other forms of transportation, such as hovercars, air trams and maglev transportation. Aside from brief scenes in TOS: "The Cage" and Star Trek: The Motion Picture, nothing of 23rd-century Earth was shown in aired Trek, so one can only speculate as to the transporter's use by everyday citizenry.
Sometime prior to the mid-2260s, Starfleet had established a transporter facility in Battery Park, at the southern tip of Manhattan. James T. Kirk used this when he traveled from San Francisco to New York City to give the eulogy at Gary Mitchell's funeral. (TOS novel: My Brother's Keeper trilogy: Enterprise)
- In this particular continuity, transporter use by the public was ubiquitous enough that it had apparently supplanted nearly all other forms of transportation. Alternately, despite the existence of telecommuting and distance education, a prevailing mindset may have been that it was equally as convenient to "commute" farther distances.
Types of transporterEdit
TOS novel: Final FrontierEdit
While transporters had been used on Baton Rouge-class starships, it was not until the development of duotronics by Richard Daystrom in the mid-2240s that more than one person could be beamed at a time. The first starship to use this improved technology was the Constitution-class starship that would one day be named Enterprise.
The first successful ship-to-surface transport of human took place in 2206, using the USS Moskva (NCC-374), first ship of its class. (The Starfleet Museum: Museum Timeline)